Here the dissertation topic is mainly focusing on the prevalence of drug addiction among prison inmates. This abuse of drug makes them prone to other deadly diseases like TB or HIV. So, medical and psychiatric care needs to be taken in order to push them away from such unhealthy life styles. During this dissertation, the research includes various medication-assisted therapies that are used for treating these prisoners. A multifaceted, interdisciplinary approach is taken by various infirmaries situated in state prisons. Moreover, psychological treatment is undertaken after considering multiple factors like background of an inmate or how he started his/her addiction.
A. Altice, F. L., Kamarulzaman, A., Soriano, V. V., Schechter, M., & Friedland, G. H. (2010). Treatment of medical, psychiatric, and substance-use comorbidities in people infected with HIV who use drugs. The Lancet, 376(9738), 367-387.
B. Miller, W. R., & Heather, N. (Eds.). (2013). Treating addictive behaviors: Processes of change (Vol. 13). Springer Science & Business Media.
C. Substance, A., Mental, H. S. A. U., & Office of the Surgeon General (US. (2016). Facing addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s report on alcohol, drugs, and health.
Midwives mainly form a bridge between the pregnant women and medical practitioners. Midwives are experts in their role of taking care of the expecting mothers. They also have important function of guiding the women regarding nutritional and other medico-technical needs. Their ability to provide expert guidance and know-hows of technicalities during normal pregnancy makes them an essential component in their process of labour. The midwives having registered in Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) and Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) makes gives them acceptance among the medical fraternity, thereby, augmenting their credibility in terms of work as well as advice.
A. Arrish, J., Yeatman, H., & Williamson, M. (2014). Midwives and nutrition education during pregnancy: A literature review. Women and Birth, 27(1), 2-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2013.02.003
B. Baeyens, C., & Johansson, C., (2018). [The role of midwife during pregnancy and childbirth]. – PubMed – NCBI. [online] Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18949988 [Accessed 24 Feb. 2018].
Here the dissertation seeks to compare different practices along with evidence-based guidelines in the field of pain assessment. It is crucial if pain management is to be done in an effective manner. Acute pain or nociception is usually associated response of the nervous system to harmful stimuli. The use of assessment tools such as FLACC, Wong-Baker Scale, physiological indicators, which is also very important in tertiary paediatric hospitals to keep a tab on the pain. This point is also analysed in this dissertation.
A. Morton, P. G., Fontaine, D., Hudak, C. M., & Gallo, B. M. (2017). Critical care nursing: a holistic approach (p. 1056). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
B. Sng, Q. W., He, H. G., Wang, W., Taylor, B., Chow, A., Klainin‐Yobas, P., & Zhu, L. (2017). A Meta‐Synthesis of Children’s Experiences of Postoperative Pain Management. Worldviews on Evidence‐Based Nursing, 14(1), 46-54.
Dementia has wider implications for families, carers, and friends of person who are in this condition. The data of older population if analysed and assessed will show that there is an increase in number of cases with more dependency among them. Students while preparing this dissertation also need to highlight the case of community services and their role in the healing process of dementia patients. Dementia is not a specific disease but contains several systems of memory and thinking, which can hinder our daily functioning. The community services can be private as well as public and these services are specially designed to cater the basic medical needs of a dementia patient.
B. Elliott, R., Goeman, D., Beanland, C. and Koch, S. (2015). Ability of older people with dementia or cognitive impairment to manage medicine regimens: a narrative review. Current Clinical Pharmacology, 10(3), pp.213-221.
In this dissertation, studies conducted by WHO in middle income countries is the primary focus. Drug resistance TB has been in prominence due to the indiscreet use of antibiotics. Different levels of drug resistances viz- 1 st line of drugs, 2 nd line of drugs etc. are also studied and accordingly strategies to curb it is also assessed. Different measures by government as well practices of drug outlets are examined. The WHO studies, which is the fulcrum of this dissertation also seeks to establish some facts regarding the functioning of hospital that can give rise to super bugs resistance.
A. Espinal, M. (2000). Epidemiology of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in low- and middle- income countries. Resurgent and Emerging Infectious Diseases, pp.29-44.
The crucial portion of treatment in case of an HIV/AIDS disease is analysed in detailed. The immune system of CD4 cells is also discussed and accordingly the principles of drug therapy is put forward. The factors that can cause the treatment to fail and its remedy is also analysed and explained citing the examples of drugs such as 3TC (lamivudine) or FTC (emtricitabine). The different classes of antiretroviral agents, which act on multiple stages of an HIV life-cycle is also highlighted and accordingly demonstrated in the dissertation. In the present context the challenges and success of it is also examined, thereby providing a scope for future avenues.
A. Arts, E. J., & Hazuda, D. J. (2012). HIV-1 antiretroviral drug therapy. Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine, 2(4), a007161.
B. De Cock, K. M., Jaffe, H. W., & Curran, J. W. (2012). The evolving epidemiology of HIV/AIDS. Aids, 26(10), 1205-1213.
This dissertation not only seeks to examine the theoretical aspects of nursing interventions, but, it also analyses the ability to manage and control real diseases. The examples of diseases such Ebola, microcephaly etc. and the necessary practise that were taken to curb it must be explained. The various of steps of interventions and using a customised approach for diverse diseases is analysed in the academic document. The infection outbreaks in hospitals and other health care facilities is also expounded. A brief overview of contagious diseases and their adverse impact on the health of individuals as well as the large chunk of population is given.
A. Fletcher, R. H., Fletcher, S. W., & Fletcher, G. S. (2012). Clinical epidemiology: the essentials. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
B. Chertow, D. S., Kleine, C., Edwards, J. K., Scaini, R., Giuliani, R., & Sprecher, A. (2014). Ebola virus disease in West Africa—clinical manifestations and management. New England Journal of Medicine, 371(22), 2054-2057.
In this dissertation the accuracy of the three tests for CKD, which includes creatinine, cystatin C, and urine albumin-to- creatinine ratio [ACR] is analysed. It is examined whether such a method can successfully identify and predicting the risk of kidney failure. This test is compared and contrasted with the traditional done creatinine test. The data related to this test results is also analysed for measuring its efficiency. The details of each of these tests is examined and described separately, therefore, it becomes to correlate it with the triple marker test.
A. Fraser, S., Aitken, G., Taal, M., Mindell, J., Moon, G., Day, J., O’Donoghue, D. and Roderick, P. (2015). Exploration of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevalence Estimates Using New Measures of Kidney Function in the Health Survey for England. PLOS ONE, 10(2), p.e0118676.
B. Ireland, R. (2011). Use of urine albumin and cystatin C levels improves risk stratification in chronic kidney disease. Nature Reviews Nephrology, 7(6), pp.301-301.
The aboriginal history of health and other determinants that makes them prone to deadly diseases like TB and Aids. The drug abuse prevalent among the aboriginal community is also highlighted and analysed about its role in augmenting the incidence of this diseases. The reports of Australian government as well as other international bodies like WHO are also examined while researching on this issue. The co-infection of HIV and AIDS is described in order to examine this dangerous combination which can proof fatal for patients. The measures taken in this regard is examined and described along with its effectiveness.
A. https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652- 14-10
The dissertation aims to study the perceived impediments that hampers a smooth facilitation of evidence-based nursing. The field of study can be psychiatric, cardiac, nephology, etc. and each factor must be highlighted keeping it in line with the domain. The data is analysed, and a comparative study is undertaken, which puts forwards the sample size used for the research. Even lack of skills as well as training facilities is examined and accordingly conclusion is formulated based on the results. The recommendation in this domain is also provided elaborating the situation in different countries, mostly the developed ones.
A. Majid, S., Foo, S., Luyt, B., Zhang, X., Theng, Y. L., Chang, Y. K., & Mokhtar, I. A. (2011). Adopting evidence-based practice in clinical decision making: nurses perceptions, knowledge, and barriers. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA, 99(3), 229.
B. Duncombe, D. (2017). A multi-institutional study of the perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing.